Smooth on young trees, salmon to rust-colored, develops papery scales. The bark of young River Birch trees is reddish-brown with a papery appearance. Propagation of 'Heritage' river birch is by softwood cuttings, but the plant is patented. The best foliage color occurs in full sun. VT south to FL west to TX north through OK, NE, MI, IO, and MN. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The species is valued for its relatively rapid growth, tolerance of wetness and some drought, unique curling bark, spreading limbs, and relative resistance to birch borer. Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. ] *$ 5D��(Aަ &�e؉�q� aј�qT��Q �l7��FX!\@n����^"-�����b.��9(�I���!��2H��HE� It has a narrow, oval to pyramidal crown when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant. Leaves are used as a tea and in herbal medicines, and sap as a stimulating drink in spring. For this reason, it is naturally found in riverbanks, streambanks, and floodplains. Silver birch is a vigorously sprouting and light-demanding pioneer species which quickly occupies bare ground. The bark peels away year-round in tough, paper-like layers that remain on the tree. Aphids and caterpillars infest … %���� The River Birch has graceful branches, is easy to transplant, is heat tolerant and moderately salt tolerant. form a strategic partnership called N.C. This tree is native to North America. Birds and squirrels eat the male catkins in late winter/early spring. Black birch has toothed leaves that appear to demonstrate both alternate and opposite leaf arrangement! Sap can be fermented to make birch beer. It tends to drop lots of twigs, making it better suited for less manicured areas of the landscape. Bud Color - Lustrous, brown-black in color, scales on buds are downy on the edges. Although it is better adapted to heat than other birches, not a highly heat-tolerant tree. Not recommended for the St. Louis climate. River birch is best adapted to moist soils and is most likely found in nature on the banks of streams or swampy bottomlands, which are both areas of frequent flooding. As the tree ages, bark divides into flat, scaly ridges. It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. The bark peels away year-round and the inner bark varies in hue from light to dark. River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. river birch grain. The bark of branches and twigs is grayish brown and more smooth, while new shoots are light green and pubescent. >> This species has been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time. Searchable database and photo gallery for the 3,200 vascular plants of Louisiana �@.�M"���V�� �����p��l3���j>�P��膱$#�1D��(�F ʱ��!���r�r�G��L�3�4�p. << /Filter /LZWDecode A tree of floodplains and swampy bottomlands, this versatile species also grows well in drier soils. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Twig showing alternate leaf arrangement and … River birch trees tolerate the summer heat better than paper birch trees, meaning they are better suited to grow in warmer regions. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Although it is not drought tolerant, it still has a high heat tolerance. Tiny monoecious (male and female) flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same tree. This species has been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time. /Matrix [0.4497 0.2446 0.02518 0.3163 0.672 0.1412 0.1845 0.08334 0.9227] << These scales are slightly separated from the trunk and can shift outward to the side. Numerous birds favor seeds in late fall. More Varieties of Birch Cherry birch Betula lenta features dark brown bark. Small nutlet, about 400,000 seeds per pound, seed is shed in the spring. Young twigs, buds, and foliage browsed by white-tailed deer. Neoformed leaves remain hairy, especially at the vein axils. Garden Uses. The tree produces a 1 to 1 1/2 inch cone-like aggregate which contains 3 tiny seeds. - … "0� �l8G��`.� �H�P�$�C�(#LgAH�g7�S,�m8)������T%A�0TD�D! Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. Common species of birch include white or paper birch (B. papyrifera), river birch (B. nigra), and yellow birch (B. alleghaniensis). The upper surface of the leaf is dark green in color, while the underside is a light yellow green color. Leaves are 0.75 to 2.5 inches wide, pointed, … These different landscapes … They are also more borer-resistant than most birches. Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). River Birch prefers wet sites and does best in moist, acidic, sandy, or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. Length. If the dealer is reputable and the price is more than $5.00 a board foot it has to be yellow birch or they are swindling you. The timber is used for plywood and furniture. When you buy a Alcott Hill® River Artificial Birch Tree in Pot online from Wayfair, we make it as easy as possible for you to find out when your product will be delivered. It is used for fuel, inexpensive furniture, basket hoops, artificial limbs, and toys. These plants grow 6 to 12 feet tall and wide and feature peeling bark. Birch leaf miner may also cause significant problems. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Leaf, alternate, simple, doubly serrate margins, deltoid shape. Host plant for Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. About Us: Collections: Education: Events: Support: Links & Resources Living Room Furniture Arrangement Ideas ... and 'Fox Valley' varieties of river birch at your local garden center. Betula nigra, or River Birch, is a deciduous, upright, flowering tree with cinnamon brown, exfoliating bark and yellow fall foliage that tends to drop off the tree quickly. Although this gray birch has some susceptibility to aphids, birch skeletonizer and dieback, these problems are usually considered to be somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer and birch leaf miner. As a single trunk tree, it develops a pyramidal habit when young, but matures to a more rounded shape. The leaves are arranged the same as the birch leaf arrangement. The tree really has alternate (not opposite) leaves. It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. Aphids, leaf miner and birch skeletonizer may also occur. The largest tree in North Dakota is 61 feet tall with a canopy spread of 40 feet. The wood is hard and close-grained. Pests and Diseases. The flowers occur in clusters called catkins. They often have "branches", outgrowths of logs on the sides of the trunk, or even freestanding and surrounded by leaves. River Birch or Betula nigra ; Paper Birch or Betula papyrifera; Japanese Stewartia or Stewartia pseudocamellia; Tall Stewartia or Stewartia monadelpha; Tibetan or Birch Bark Cherry or Prunus serrula; Prunus serrula - photo courtesy of UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research. You may see Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) which has one flight from June-July, Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus) with one brood April-July and rarely a second in the south, and Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) which has three flights from February-November in the south and two flights May-September in the north. No pests or diseases are of major concern. Seeds consumed by grouse, turkey, small birds and rodents. Also, this species is becoming very popular among estates, parks, college campuses, and golf courses due to its handsome bark character. The best foliage color occurs in full sun. Ovate or triangular, tip-pointed. Zones 3-7. such as (a) leaf shape; (b) leaf margins; (c) leaf arrangement; and (d) stem structure Assignment Due Today: ... Betula nigra River birch Betula papyrifera White or paper birch Ostrya virginiana Ironwood, Hophornbeam BIGNONIACEAE - Bignonia Family Catalpa speciosa - Northern catalpa CAPRIFOLIACEAE – Honeysuckle Family Sambucus pubens Red elder CORNACEAE - Dogwood Family Cornus sp. Do not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it will bleed. Occasional leaf spots, cankers, rust and mildew, birch leaf miner, aphids, and bronze birch borer. Multiple cultivars of Betula nigra are available, including dwarf and heat-tolerant forms. Although river birches have some susceptibility to aphids, leaf miner and iron chlorosis in high pH soils, these problems are somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer. Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. River Birch cultivars, like most birch, prefer wet sites and do best in moist, acidic, sandy or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. Preformed leaves become hairless. Rough or S1S paper birch should cost $2.50 to $4.00 a board foot. Attracts birds & butterflies . Provides winter interest in the landscape. stream Base broadly wedge-shaped, rounded, straight or cordate, and smooth-edged. Shaded area represents potential planting range. Its fall foliage color is yellow. As the tree matures, the salmon-pink color is exchanged for a reddish-brown with a dark grey base color. In the landscape, keep the tree consistently moist and consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet. 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